Agricultural land in the Rossburn area varies in elevation from 646m near the boundary of Riding Mountain National Park, to 585m on the south side of the Town of Rossburn.

The Birdtail River originates in Riding Mountain National Park and drains south towards the Assiniboine River. Grain production predominates as soils are generally fertile. Clay loam south and southeast of Rossburn is especially suited to good cereal and specialty crop production. The average farm size is 700 acres.

Forage crops, mainly alfalfa and grasses, grow well on the rolling land near Riding Mountain National Park and in the Birdtail Valley. Isolated areas with saline soils are suited to forage. Several commercial beef herds of Hereford, Charlois, Simmental, Angus and Limousin benefit from the forage production.

Rossburn Municipality is located in Growing Zone 2. The mean annual temperature is 1.4°C and the mean annual precipitation is 517 mm (Environment Canada, 1993). The average frost-free period is 108 days. Fourteen percent of the land in the RM is rated as Class 2 for agriculture capability, while about 34 percent is rated as Class 3, and 27 percent as Class 4. Topography is the main limitation for agriculture capability.